Document
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
______________________________________________________________________________________________________  
FORM 8-K 
 _____________________________________________________________________________________________________
CURRENT REPORT
Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of
the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
Date of Report (date of earliest event reported): January 28, 2020 
 _____________________________________________________________________________________________________


https://cdn.kscope.io/36559ef24b254c93a58e06c670967bc2-image0a32.jpg
XEROX HOLDINGS CORPORATION
XEROX CORPORATION
 (Exact Name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
New York
001-39013
83-3933743
New York
001-04471
16-0468020
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(Commission File Number)
(IRS Employer
Identification No.)

201 Merritt 7
Norwalk, Connecticut
06851-1056
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (203968-3000
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions (see General Instruction A.2. below): 
Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Trading Symbol
Name of each exchange on which registered
Xerox Holdings Corporation Common Stock, $1 par value
XRX
New York Stock Exchange
 
 

 
 
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None




Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§ 230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter). 
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the Registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 
______________________________________________________________________________________________________  


Item 2.02. Results of Operations and Financial Condition.
On January 28, 2020, Registrant released its fourth quarter 2019 earnings and is furnishing to the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") a copy of the earnings press release as Exhibit 99.1 to this Report under Item 2.02 of Form 8-K.
Exhibit 99.1 to this Report contains certain financial measures that are considered “non-GAAP financial measures” as defined in the SEC rules. Exhibit 99.1 to this Report also contains the reconciliation of these non-GAAP financial measures to their most directly comparable financial measures calculated and presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, as well as the reasons why Registrant’s management believes that presentation of the non-GAAP financial measures provides useful information to investors regarding Registrant’s results of operations and, to the extent material, a statement disclosing any other additional purposes for which Registrant’s management uses the non-GAAP financial measures.
The information contained in Item 2.02 of this Report and in Exhibit 99.1 to this Report shall not be deemed “filed” with the Commission for purposes of Section 18 of the Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or otherwise subject to the liability of that section.

Item 9.01. Financial Statements and Exhibits.

(d) Exhibits.
 
 
 
Exhibit No.
 
Description

 
Registrant’s fourth quarter 2019 earnings press release dated January 28, 2020





Forward-Looking Statements
This filing, and other written or oral statements made from time to time by management contain “forward-looking statements” as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. The words “anticipate”, “believe”, “estimate”, “expect”, “intend”, “will”, “should”, "targeting", "projecting", "driving" and similar expressions, as they relate to us, our performance and/or our technology, are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements reflect management’s current beliefs, assumptions and expectations and are subject to a number of factors that may cause actual results to differ materially. Such factors include but are not limited to: our ability to address our business challenges in order to reverse revenue declines, reduce costs and increase productivity so that we can invest in and grow our business; our ability to attract and retain key personnel; changes in economic and political conditions, trade protection measures, licensing requirements and tax laws in the United States and in the foreign countries in which we do business; the imposition of new or incremental trade protection measures such as tariffs and import or export restrictions; changes in foreign currency exchange rates; our ability to successfully develop new products, technologies and service offerings and to protect our intellectual property rights; the risk that multi-year contracts with governmental entities could be terminated prior to the end of the contract term and that civil or criminal penalties and administrative sanctions could be imposed on us if we fail to comply with the terms of such contracts and applicable law; the risk that partners, subcontractors and software vendors will not perform in a timely, quality manner; actions of competitors and our ability to promptly and effectively react to changing technologies and customer expectations; our ability to obtain adequate pricing for our products and services and to maintain and improve cost efficiency of operations, including savings from restructuring actions; the risk that confidential and/or individually identifiable information of ours, our customers, clients and employees could be inadvertently disclosed or disclosed as a result of a breach of our security systems due to cyber attacks or other intentional acts; reliance on third parties, including subcontractors, for manufacturing of products and provision of services; the exit of the United Kingdom from the European Union; our ability to manage changes in the printing environment and expand equipment placements; interest rates, cost of borrowing and access to credit markets; funding requirements associated with our employee pension and retiree health benefit plans; the risk that our operations and products may not comply with applicable worldwide regulatory requirements, particularly environmental regulations and directives and anti-corruption laws; the outcome of litigation and regulatory proceedings to which we may be a party; any impacts resulting from the restructuring of our relationship with Fujifilm Holdings Corporation; the shared services arrangements entered into by us as part of Project Own It; the ultimate outcome of any possible transaction between Xerox Holdings Corporation (“Xerox”) and HP Inc. (“HP”), including the possibility that the parties will not agree to pursue a business combination transaction or that the terms of any definitive agreement will be materially different from those proposed; uncertainties as to whether HP will cooperate with Xerox regarding the proposed transaction; the ultimate result should Xerox determine to commence a proxy contest for election of directors to HP’s board of directors; Xerox’s ability to consummate the proposed transaction with HP; the conditions to the completion of the proposed transaction, including the receipt of any required shareholder approvals and any required regulatory approvals; Xerox’s ability to finance the proposed transaction with HP; Xerox’s indebtedness, including the substantial indebtedness Xerox expects to incur in connection with the proposed transaction with HP and the need to generate sufficient cash flows to service and repay such debt; the possibility that Xerox may be unable to achieve expected synergies and operating efficiencies within the expected time-frames or at all and to successfully integrate HP’s operations with those of Xerox; that such integration may be more difficult, time-consuming or costly than expected; that operating costs, customer loss and business disruption (including, without limitation, difficulties in maintaining relationships with employees, customers or suppliers) may be greater than expected following the proposed transaction or the public announcement of the proposed transaction; the retention of certain key employees may be difficult; and general economic conditions that are less favorable than expected. Additional risks that may affect Xerox’s operations and other factors that are set forth in the “Risk Factors” section, the “Legal Proceedings” section, the “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” section and other sections of Xerox Corporation's 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K, as well as in Xerox Corporation's and Xerox Holdings Corporation's Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and Current Reports on Form 8-K filed with the SEC. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this filing or as of the date to which they refer, and Xerox assumes no obligation to update any forward-looking statements as a result of new information or future events or developments, except as required by law.









SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, each registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized. The signatures for each undersigned shall be deemed to relate only to matters having reference to such company and its subsidiaries.
XEROX HOLDINGS CORPORATION
(Registrant)
 
By:
/S/ JOSEPH H. MANCINI, JR.
 
Joseph H. Mancini, Jr.
Vice President and
Chief Accounting Officer
(Principal Accounting Officer)
Date: January 28, 2020

 
XEROX CORPORATION
(Registrant)
 
By:
/S/ JOSEPH H. MANCINI, JR.
 
Joseph H. Mancini, Jr.
Vice President and
Chief Accounting Officer
(Principal Accounting Officer)

Date: January 28, 2020








EXHIBIT INDEX
 
Exhibit No.
 
Description
 
Registrant’s fourth quarter 2019 earnings press release dated January 28, 2020
101
 
Cover Page Interactive Data File - the cover page XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document.
104
 
The cover page from this Current Report on Form 8-K, formatted as Inline XBRL.







Exhibit
News from Xerox Holdings Corporation
                    
                                            https://cdn.kscope.io/36559ef24b254c93a58e06c670967bc2-image0a32.jpg
For Immediate Release                                    
Xerox Holdings Corporation
201 Merritt 7
Norwalk, CT 06851-1056
tel+1-203-968-3000




Xerox Exceeds Q4 EPS Guidance, Delivers Strong Cash Flow and Operating Margin

Announces 2020 guidance consistent with three-year plan, including further EPS expansion and revenue trend improvement

2019 Full-Year Financial Highlights:
GAAP earnings per share (EPS) from continuing operations of $2.78, up $1.62 year-over-year (YOY); adjusted EPS from continuing operations of $3.55, up $0.67 YOY.
Adjusted operating margin of 13.1 percent, up 180 basis points YOY.
$1.24 billion of operating cash flow from continuing operations, up $162 million YOY; $1.18 billion of free cash flow, up $187 million YOY.
$9.07 billion of revenue, a decrease of 6.2 percent in actual currency YOY or 4.7 percent in constant currency YOY.
Achieved gross savings of $640 million under Project Own It, Xerox’s enterprise-wide initiative to simplify operations, drive continuous improvement and free up capital to reinvest in the business.
Returned 72 percent of free cash flow to shareholders.

NORWALK, Conn., Jan. 28, 2020 - Xerox Holdings Corporation (NYSE: XRX) announced its fourth-quarter and full-year 2019 financial results and 2020 guidance.

“We are delivering on our three-year plan. We grew earnings per share, increased cash flow and expanded adjusted operating margin for the full year, and we improved our revenue trajectory in the second half of the year as our investments in the business gained traction,” said Xerox Vice Chairman and CEO John Visentin. “We accomplished this while returning more than 70 percent of free cash flow to shareholders, paying down approximately $950 million in debt and increasing investments in our innovation areas. We are well-positioned to carry this momentum into 2020 and lead the way for long-overdue industry consolidation.”










1




Fourth-Quarter Key Financial Results - Continuing Operations:
(in millions, except per share data)
Q4 2019
Q4 2018
B/(W)
YOY
% Change
YOY
Revenue
$2,444
$2,498
$(54)
(2.2)% AC
(1.6)% CC1
       Gross Margin
41.6%
40.0%
160 bps
 
       RD&E %
3.8%
3.8%
 
       SAG %
20.9%
22.1%
120 bps
 
Pre-Tax Income
$336
$124
$212
171.0%
       Pre-Tax Income Margin
13.7%
5.0%
 
 
Operating Income - Adjusted1
$411
$352
$59
16.8%
       Operating Margin - Adjusted1
16.8%
14.1%
270 bps
 
GAAP EPS
$1.17
$0.37
$0.80
216.2%
EPS - Adjusted1
$1.33
$0.94
$0.39
41.5%


Full-Year Key Financial Results - Continuing Operations:
(in millions, except per share data)
2019
2018
B/(W)
YOY
% Change
YOY
Revenue
$9,066
$9,662
$(596)
(6.2)% AC
(4.7)% CC1
       Gross Margin
40.3%
40.0%
30 bps
 
       RD&E %
4.1%
4.1%
0
 
       SAG %
23.0%
24.6%
160 bps
 
Pre-Tax Income
$822
$549
$273
49.7%
       Pre-Tax Income Margin
9.1%
5.7%
 
 
Operating Income - Adjusted1
$1,192
$1,093
$99
9.1%
       Operating Margin - Adjusted1
13.1%
11.3%
180 bps
 
GAAP EPS
$2.78
$1.16
$1.62
139.7%
EPS - Adjusted1
$3.55
$2.88
$0.67
23.3%

(1) Refer to the “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section of this release for a discussion of these non-GAAP measures and their reconciliation to the reported GAAP measures. 

Fourth-quarter and full-year 2019 results include the benefit from $77 million of revenue associated with an OEM license agreement with Fuji Xerox received as part of a series of transactions with FUJIFILM Holdings Corporation (FUJIFILM). This benefit was included in Xerox’s updated 2019 guidance measures filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on Form 8-K on December 3, 2019 that reflected adjustments resulting from the transactions with FUJIFILM.

Full-Year Key Business Highlights:
Implemented a new supply chain and supplier strategy, which included expanding Xerox’s relationship with HP and favorably structuring terms with FUJIFILM that monetized the company’s investment in Fuji Xerox at over 20 times 2019 expected aggregate cash flow.
Expanded Xerox’s services portfolio with the launch of Intelligent Workplace Services; IT Services for the small and mid-size business market in the U.S.; and vertical services targeting healthcare, retail, insurance, and the public sector.


2


Invested in several industry firsts within Xerox’s core technology business such as the Iridesse® Production Press, Baltoro™ HF Inkjet Press and Adaptive CMYK Plus Technology.
Made progress on our three-year innovation roadmap with products for 3D printing and AI Workflow Assistants becoming commercially available in 2020 and monetizing innovations through partners.
Added and renewed several Fortune 500 and public sector clients such as Morgan Stanley, Office Depot, Generali, BAE Systems, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, the Texas Department of Information Resources and the California Department of State Hospitals.

2020 Guidance:
The company expects continued progress on its strategic initiatives, as projected in its 2020 financial guidance:

Revenue decline of approximately 4 percent at constant currency, excluding revenue from the $77 million OEM license in 2019.2 
Adjusted operating margin of approximately 13 percent.
GAAP EPS from continuing operations in the range of $2.80 to $2.90.
Adjusted EPS in the range of $3.60 to $3.70.
Operating cash flow from continuing operations of approximately $1.3 billion and free cash flow of approximately $1.2 billion.
Company expects at least $300 million of share repurchases and return of at least 50 percent of annual free cash flow to shareholders in 2020.     

(2) Revenue decline of approximately 4.9 percent including the $77 million OEM License in 2019. 

About Xerox
Xerox Holdings Corporation (NYSE: XRX) makes every day work better. We are a workplace technology company building and integrating software and hardware for enterprises large and small. As customers seek to manage information across digital and physical platforms, Xerox delivers a seamless, secure and sustainable experience. Whether inventing the copier, the ethernet, the laser printer or more, Xerox has long defined the modern work experience. Learn how that innovation continues at xerox.com.

























3


Non-GAAP Measures
This release refers to the following non-GAAP financial measures for the Fourth Quarter and Full-Year 2019 and Full-Year 2020 guidance:

Adjusted EPS, which excludes restructuring and related costs, the amortization of intangible assets, non-service retirement-related costs, transaction and related costs, net and other discrete adjustments from GAAP-EPS from continuing operations.
Adjusted operating margin and income, which exclude the EPS adjustments noted above as well as the remainder of other expenses, net from pre-tax margin and income.
Constant currency (CC) revenue change, which excludes the effects of currency translation.
Free cash flow, which is cash flow from continuing operations less capital expenditures.

Refer to the “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section of this release for a discussion of these non-GAAP measures and their reconciliation to the reported GAAP measures.

Forward-Looking Statements
This release, and other written or oral statements made from time to time by management contain “forward-looking statements” as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. The words “anticipate”, “believe”, “estimate”, “expect”, “intend”, “will”, “should”, "targeting", "projecting", "driving" and similar expressions, as they relate to us, our performance and/or our technology, are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements reflect management’s current beliefs, assumptions and expectations and are subject to a number of factors that may cause actual results to differ materially. Such factors include but are not limited to: our ability to address our business challenges in order to reverse revenue declines, reduce costs and increase productivity so that we can invest in and grow our business; our ability to attract and retain key personnel; changes in economic and political conditions, trade protection measures, licensing requirements and tax laws in the United States and in the foreign countries in which we do business; the imposition of new or incremental trade protection measures such as tariffs and import or export restrictions; changes in foreign currency exchange rates; our ability to successfully develop new products, technologies and service offerings and to protect our intellectual property rights; the risk that multi-year contracts with governmental entities could be terminated prior to the end of the contract term and that civil or criminal penalties and administrative sanctions could be imposed on us if we fail to comply with the terms of such contracts and applicable law; the risk that partners, subcontractors and software vendors will not perform in a timely, quality manner; actions of competitors and our ability to promptly and effectively react to changing technologies and customer expectations; our ability to obtain adequate pricing for our products and services and to maintain and improve cost efficiency of operations, including savings from restructuring actions; the risk that confidential and/or individually identifiable information of ours, our customers, clients and employees could be inadvertently disclosed or disclosed as a result of a breach of our security systems due to cyber attacks or other intentional acts; reliance on third parties, including subcontractors, for manufacturing of products and provision of services; the exit of the United Kingdom from the European Union; our ability to manage changes in the printing environment and expand equipment placements; interest rates, cost of borrowing and access to credit markets; funding requirements associated with our employee pension and retiree health benefit plans; the risk that our operations and products may not comply with applicable worldwide regulatory requirements, particularly environmental regulations and directives and anti-corruption laws; the outcome of litigation and regulatory proceedings to which we may be a party; any impacts resulting from the restructuring of our relationship with Fujifilm Holdings Corporation; the shared services arrangements entered into by us as part of Project Own It; the ultimate outcome of any possible transaction between Xerox Holdings Corporation (“Xerox”) and HP Inc. (“HP”), including the possibility that the parties will not agree to pursue a business combination transaction or that the terms of any definitive agreement will be materially different from those proposed; uncertainties as to whether HP will cooperate with Xerox regarding the proposed transaction; the ultimate result should Xerox determine to commence a proxy contest for election of directors to HP’s board of directors; Xerox’s ability to consummate the proposed transaction with HP; the conditions to the completion of the proposed transaction, including the receipt of any required shareholder approvals and any required regulatory a

4


pprovals; Xerox’s ability to finance the proposed transaction with HP; Xerox’s indebtedness, including the substantial indebtedness Xerox expects to incur in connection with the proposed transaction with HP and the need to generate sufficient cash flows to service and repay such debt; the possibility that Xerox may be unable to achieve expected synergies and operating efficiencies within the expected time-frames or at all and to successfully integrate HP’s operations with those of Xerox; that such integration may be more difficult, time-consuming or costly than expected; that operating costs, customer loss and business disruption (including, without limitation, difficulties in maintaining relationships with employees, customers or suppliers) may be greater than expected following the proposed transaction or the public announcement of the proposed transaction; the retention of certain key employees may be difficult; and general economic conditions that are less favorable than expected. Additional risks that may affect Xerox’s operations and other factors that are set forth in the “Risk Factors” section, the “Legal Proceedings” section, the “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” section and other sections of Xerox Corporation's 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K, as well as in Xerox Corporation's and Xerox Holdings Corporation's Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and Current Reports on Form 8-K filed with the SEC. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this release or as of the date to which they refer, and Xerox assumes no obligation to update any forward-looking statements as a result of new information or future events or developments, except as required by law.


-XXX-

Media Contact:
Caroline Gransee-Linsey, Xerox, +1-203-849-2359, Caroline.Gransee-Linsey@xerox.com

Investor Contact:
Ann Pettrone, Xerox, +1-203-849-2590, Ann.Pettrone@xerox.com

Note: To receive RSS news feeds, visit https://www.news.xerox.com. For open commentary, industry perspectives and views, visit http://twitter.com/xerox, http://www.facebook.com/XeroxCorp, https://www.instagram.com/xerox/, http://www.linkedin.com/company/xerox, http://www.youtube.com/XeroxCorp.  

Xerox®, Iridesse®, and Baltoro™ are trademarks of Xerox in the United States and/or other countries.






5



XEROX HOLDINGS CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (UNAUDITED)

 
 
Three Months Ended
December 31,
 
Year Ended
December 31,
(in millions, except per-share data)
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales(1)
 
$
919

 
$
958

 
$
3,227

 
$
3,454

Services, maintenance and rentals(1)
 
1,465

 
1,476

 
5,595

 
5,940

Financing
 
60

 
64

 
244

 
268

Total Revenues
 
2,444


2,498

 
9,066

 
9,662

Costs and Expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of sales(1)
 
605

 
613

 
2,097

 
2,188

Cost of services, maintenance and rentals(1)
 
790

 
855

 
3,188

 
3,473

Cost of financing
 
33

 
32

 
131

 
132

Research, development and engineering expenses
 
93

 
94

 
373

 
397

Selling, administrative and general expenses
 
512

 
552

 
2,085

 
2,379

Restructuring and related costs
 
53

 
67

 
229

 
157

Amortization of intangible assets
 
10

 
12

 
45

 
48

Transaction and related costs, net
 
4

 
5

 
12

 
68

Other expenses, net
 
8

 
144

 
84

 
271

Total Costs and Expenses
 
2,108


2,374

 
8,244

 
9,113

Income before Income Taxes & Equity Income(2)
 
336


124

 
822

 
549

Income tax expense
 
73

 
34

 
179

 
247

Equity in net income of unconsolidated affiliates
 
3

 
2

 
8

 
8

Income from Continuing Operations
 
266


92

 
651

 
310

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax
 
553

 
49

 
710

 
64

Net Income
 
819


141

 
1,361

 
374

Less: Income from continuing operations attributable to noncontrolling interests
 

 
1

 
3

 
4

Less: Income from discontinued operations attributable to noncontrolling interests
 
1

 
3

 
5

 
9

Net Income Attributable to Xerox Holdings
 
$
818


$
137

 
$
1,353

 
$
361

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amounts Attributable to Xerox Holdings:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations
 
$
266


$
91

 
$
648

 
$
306

Income from discontinued operations
 
552


46

 
705

 
55

Net Income Attributable to Xerox Holdings
 
$
818


$
137

 
$
1,353

 
$
361

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic Earnings per Share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
 
$
1.22

 
$
0.37

 
$
2.86

 
$
1.17

Discontinued operations
 
2.56

 
0.19

 
3.17

 
0.23

Basic Earnings per Share
 
$
3.78

 
$
0.56

 
$
6.03

 
$
1.40

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted Earnings per Share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
 
$
1.17

 
$
0.37

 
$
2.78

 
$
1.16

Discontinued operations
 
2.44

 
0.19

 
3.02

 
0.22

Diluted Earnings per Share
 
$
3.61

 
$
0.56

 
$
5.80

 
$
1.38

___________________________
(1) Certain prior year amounts have been conformed to the current year presentation. See Appendix III for this change in presentation.
(2) Referred to as “Pre-Tax Income” throughout the remainder of this document.





6



XEROX HOLDINGS CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (UNAUDITED)

 
 
Three Months Ended
December 31,
 
Year Ended
December 31,
(in millions)
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Net income
 
$
819

 
$
141

 
$
1,361

 
$
374

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests(1)
 
1

 
4

 
8

 
13

Net Income Attributable to Xerox Holdings
 
818

 
137

 
1,353

 
361

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), Net
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Translation adjustments, net
 
184

 
(83
)
 
62

 
(242
)
Unrealized (losses) gains, net
 
(9
)
 
11

 
(6
)
 
16

Changes in defined benefit plans, net
 
37

 
218

 
(1
)
 
409

Other Comprehensive Income, Net
 
212

 
146

 
55

 
183

Less: Other comprehensive loss, net attributable to noncontrolling interests(1)
 
(1
)
 

 

 

Other Comprehensive Income, Net Attributable to Xerox Holdings
 
213

 
146

 
55

 
183

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Comprehensive Income, Net
 
1,031

 
287

 
1,416

 
557

Less: Comprehensive income from continuing operations, net attributable to noncontrolling interests(1)
 

 
4

 
8

 
13

Comprehensive Income, Net Attributable to Xerox Holdings
 
$
1,031

 
$
283

 
$
1,408

 
$
544

___________________________
(1) Includes continuing and discontinued operations.



7


XEROX HOLDINGS CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED)

(in millions, except share data in thousands)
 
December 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Assets
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
2,740

 
$
1,081

Accounts receivable, net
 
1,236

 
1,270

Billed portion of finance receivables, net
 
111

 
105

Finance receivables, net
 
1,158

 
1,218

Inventories
 
694

 
829

Assets of discontinued operations
 

 
19

Other current assets
 
201

 
191

Total current assets
 
6,140

 
4,713

Finance receivables due after one year, net
 
2,082

 
2,149

Equipment on operating leases, net
 
364

 
442

Land, buildings and equipment, net
 
426

 
498

Intangible assets, net
 
199

 
220

Goodwill
 
3,900

 
3,858

Deferred tax assets
 
596

 
740

Assets of discontinued operations
 

 
1,352

Other long-term assets
 
1,349

 
902

Total Assets
 
$
15,056

 
$
14,874

Liabilities and Equity
 
 
 
 
Short-term debt and current portion of long-term debt
 
$
1,049

 
$
961

Accounts payable
 
1,053

 
1,073

Accrued compensation and benefits costs
 
349

 
348

Liabilities of discontinued operations
 

 
21

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
 
984

 
848

Total current liabilities
 
3,435

 
3,251

Long-term debt
 
3,233

 
4,269

Pension and other benefit liabilities
 
1,707

 
1,482

Post-retirement medical benefits
 
352

 
350

Other long-term liabilities
 
512

 
269

Total Liabilities
 
9,239

 
9,621

 
 
 
 
 
Convertible Preferred Stock
 
214

 
214

 
 
 
 
 
Common stock
 
215

 
232

Additional paid-in capital
 
2,782

 
3,321

Treasury stock, at cost
 
(76
)
 
(55
)
Retained earnings
 
6,312

 
5,072

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
(3,637
)
 
(3,565
)
Xerox Holdings shareholders’ equity
 
5,596

 
5,005

Noncontrolling interests
 
7

 
34

Total Equity
 
5,603

 
5,039

Total Liabilities and Equity
 
$
15,056

 
$
14,874

 
 
 
 
 
Shares of common stock issued
 
214,621

 
231,690

Treasury stock
 
(2,031
)
 
(2,067
)
Shares of Common Stock Outstanding
 
212,590

 
229,623

 


8


XEROX HOLDINGS CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
 
 
Three Months Ended
December 31,
 
Year Ended
December 31,
(in millions)
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Cash Flows from Operating Activities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Income
 
$
819

 
$
141

 
$
1,361

 
$
374

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax
 
(553
)
 
(49
)
 
(710
)
 
(64
)
Income from continuing operations
 
266

 
92

 
651

 
310

Adjustments required to reconcile Net income to Cash flows from operating activities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
98

 
128

 
430

 
526

Provisions
 
15

 
14

 
73

 
70

Net gain on sales of businesses and assets
 
(1
)
 

 
(21
)
 
(35
)
Stock-based compensation
 
9

 
13

 
50

 
57

Restructuring and asset impairment charges
 
47

 
66

 
127

 
156

Payments for restructurings
 
(22
)
 
(39
)
 
(93
)
 
(169
)
Defined benefit pension cost
 
20

 
86

 
109

 
175

Contributions to defined benefit pension plans
 
(34
)
 
(33
)
 
(141
)
 
(144
)
(Increase) decrease in accounts receivable and billed portion of finance receivables
 
(50
)
 
(8
)
 
10

 
31

Decrease in inventories
 
78

 
126

 
109

 
17

Increase in equipment on operating leases
 
(40
)
 
(66
)
 
(153
)
 
(248
)
(Increase) decrease in finance receivables
 
(23
)
 
(15
)
 
101

 
166

(Increase) decrease in other current and long-term assets
 
(15
)
 
12

 
(14
)
 
29

(Decrease) increase in accounts payable
 
(23
)
 
(27
)
 
(47
)
 
1

Increase (decrease) in accrued compensation
 
5

 
(15
)
 
(94
)
 
(111
)
Increase in other current and long-term liabilities
 
21

 
40

 
40

 
52

Net change in income tax assets and liabilities
 
60

 
11

 
90

 
176

Net change in derivative assets and liabilities
 
(4
)
 
(12
)
 
11

 
(14
)
Other operating, net
 
(9
)
 
11

 
6

 
37

Net cash provided by operating activities of continuing operations
 
398

 
384

 
1,244

 
1,082

Net cash provided by operating activities of discontinued operations
 
40


31

 
89

 
58

Net cash provided by operating activities
 
438

 
415

 
1,333

 
1,140

Cash Flows from Investing Activities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of additions to land, buildings, equipment and software
 
(17
)

(17
)
 
(65
)
 
(90
)
Proceeds from sales of businesses and assets
 

 
27

 
21

 
59

Acquisitions, net of cash acquired
 

 

 
(42
)
 

Other investing, net
 

 
1

 
1

 
2

Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities of continuing operations
 
(17
)

11

 
(85
)
 
(29
)
                Net cash provided by investing activities of discontinued operations
 
2,233

 

 
2,233

 

                Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
 
2,216

 
11

 
2,148

 
(29
)
Cash Flows from Financing Activities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net payments on debt
 
(551
)
 
(1
)
 
(950
)
 
(307
)
Dividends
 
(60
)
 
(65
)
 
(243
)
 
(269
)
Payments to acquire treasury stock, including fees
 
(232
)
 
(416
)
 
(600
)
 
(700
)
Other financing, net
 
(8
)
 
(3
)
 
(31
)
 
(15
)
                Net cash used in financing activities of continuing operations
 
(851
)
 
(485
)
 
(1,824
)
 
(1,291
)
                Net cash used in financing activities of discontinued operations
 

 
(1
)
 
(10
)
 
(10
)
                Net cash used in financing activities
 
(851
)

(486
)
 
(1,834
)
 
(1,301
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
 
13


(10
)
 

 
(30
)
Increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
 
1,816

 
(70
)
 
1,647

 
(220
)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period
 
979


1,218

 
1,148

 
1,368

Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash at End of Period(1)
 
$
2,795

 
$
1,148

 
$
2,795

 
$
1,148


____________________________
(1) Balance at December 31, 2018 includes $3 million associated with discontinued operations.

9



Sales of Ownership Interests in Fuji Xerox Co., Ltd. and Xerox International Partners
In November 2019, Xerox Holdings completed a series of transactions to restructure its relationship with FUJIFILM Holdings Corporation (“FH”), including the sale of its indirect 25% equity interest in Fuji Xerox ("FX") for approximately $2.2 billion as well as the sale of its indirect 51% partnership interest in Xerox International Partners (XIP) for approximately $23 million (collectively the “Sales”).
As a result of the Sales and the related strategic shift in our business, the historical financial results of our equity method investment in FX and our XIP business, which was fully consolidated, are reflected as a discontinued operation for the periods prior to the Sales, and their impact is excluded from continuing operations for all periods presented.
The transactions with FH also included an OEM license agreement by and between FX and Xerox, granting FX the right to use specific Xerox Intellectual Property (IP) in providing certain named original equipment manufacturers (OEM’s) with products (such as printer engines) in exchange for an upfront license fee of $77 million. The license fee is recorded within other revenues. In addition, arrangements with FX whereby we purchase inventory from and sell inventory to FX, will continue post the Sales and, as a result of our Technology Agreement with Fuji Xerox which remains in effect through March 2021, we will continue to receive royalty payments for FX’s use of our Xerox brand trademark, as well as rights to access our patent portfolio in exchange for access to their patent portfolio.
See the “Discontinued Operations” section for additional information. The $77 million ($58 million after-tax) OEM license had the following impact on our financial results for the Fourth Quarter 2019 and Full Year 2019:
(in millions, except per share amounts)
 
Three Months Ended
December 31, 2019
 
Year Ended
December 31, 2019
Financial Results from Continuing Operations
 
As Reported
 
OEM License Impact
 
As Reported Excluding OEM License Impact
 
As Reported
 
OEM License Impact
 
As Reported Excluding OEM License Impact
Revenue
 
(2.2
)%
 
3.1
%
 
(5.2
)%
 
(6.2
)%
 
0.8
%
 
(7.0
)%
Revenue - CC (1)
 
(1.6
)%
 
3.1
%
 
(4.7
)%
 
(4.7
)%
 
0.8
%
 
(5.5
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross Margin
 
41.6
 %
 
1.9
%
 
39.7
 %
 
40.3
 %
 
0.6
%
 
39.7
 %
Adjusted Operating Margin(1)
 
16.8
 %
 
2.7
%
 
14.1
 %
 
13.1
 %
 
0.7
%
 
12.4
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 


 
 
 
 
 


EPS - GAAP
 
$
1.17

 
$
0.25

 
$
0.92

 
$
2.78

 
$
0.25

 
$
2.53

EPS - Adjusted(1)
 
$
1.33

 
$
0.25

 
$
1.08

 
$
3.55

 
$
0.25

 
$
3.30

Operating Cash Flow (2)
 
$
398

 
$
58

 
$
340

 
$
1,244

 
$
58

 
$
1,186

______________________
CC - Constant Currency.
(1) Adjusted measures and CC: see the “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section for an explanation of the non-GAAP financial measures.
(2) Free cash flow likewise impacted by $58 million from OEM license.




10



Revenues
 
 
Three Months Ended
December 31,
 
 
 
 
 
% of Total Revenue
(in millions)
 
2019

2018
 
%
Change
 
CC % Change
 
2019
 
2018
Equipment sales
 
$
616

 
$
629

 
(2.1)%
 
(1.5)%
 
25%
 
25%
Post sale revenue
 
1,828

 
1,869

 
(2.2)%
 
(1.7)%
 
75%
 
75%
Total Revenue
 
$
2,444

 
$
2,498

 
(2.2)%
 
(1.6)%
 
100%
 
100%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Reconciliation to Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales(1)
 
$
919

 
$
958

 
(4.1)%
 
(3.5)%
 
 
 
 
Less: Supplies, paper and other sales(1)
 
(303
)
 
(329
)
 
(7.9)%
 
(7.3)%
 
 
 
 
Equipment Sales
 
$
616

 
$
629

 
(2.1)%
 
(1.5)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Services, maintenance and rentals(1)
 
$
1,465

 
$
1,476

 
(0.7)%
 
(0.2)%
 
 
 
 
Add: Supplies, paper and other sales(1)
 
303

 
329

 
(7.9)%
 
(7.3)%
 
 
 
 
Add: Financing
 
60

 
64

 
(6.3)%
 
(5.9)%
 
 
 
 
Post Sale Revenue
 
$
1,828

 
$
1,869

 
(2.2)%
 
(1.7)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Americas
 
$
1,562

 
$
1,617

 
(3.4)%
 
(3.3)%
 
64%
 
65%
EMEA
 
756

 
830

 
(8.9)%
 
(7.4)%
 
31%
 
33%
Other
 
126

 
51

 
nm
 
nm
 
5%
 
2%
Total Revenue(2)
 
$
2,444

 
$
2,498

 
(2.2)%
 
(1.6)%
 
100%
 
100%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Memo:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Xerox Services(3)
 
$
870

 
$
917

 
(5.1)%
 
(4.5)%
 
36%
 
37%
____________________________
CC - Constant Currency (see "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" section).
(1) 
Certain prior year amounts have been conformed to the current year presentation. See Appendix III for this change in presentation.
(2) 
Refer to Appendix II for our Geographic Sales Channels and Products and Offerings Definitions.
(3) 
Excluding equipment revenue, Xerox Services was $751 million and $786 million in the fourth quarter 2019 and 2018, respectively, representing a decrease of 4.5% including a 0.7-percentage point unfavorable impact from currency.
Fourth quarter 2019 total revenue decreased 2.2% as compared to fourth quarter 2018, including a 0.6-percentage point unfavorable impact from currency, and an approximate 3.1-percentage point favorable impact from a fee of $77 million received in exchange for an OEM license of certain intellectual property to Fuji Xerox. See the “Sales of Ownership Interests in Fuji Xerox Co., Ltd. and Xerox International Partners” section for further details. Fourth quarter 2019 total revenue reflected the following:
Post sale revenue primarily reflects contracted services, equipment maintenance, supplies and financing. These revenues are associated not only with the population of devices in the field, which is affected by installs and removals, but also by the page volumes generated from the usage of such devices, and the revenue per printed page. Post sale revenue also includes transactional IT hardware sales and implementation services from our XBS organization. Post sale revenue decreased 2.2% as compared to fourth quarter 2018, including a 0.5-percentage point unfavorable impact from currency, and an approximate 4.1-percentage point favorable impact from the OEM license fee described above. The decline in post sale revenue reflected the following:
Services, maintenance and rentals revenue includes rental and maintenance revenue (including bundled supplies) as well as the post sale component of the document services revenue from our Xerox Services offerings. These revenues decreased 0.7% as compared to fourth quarter 2018, including a 0.5-percentage point unfavorable impact from currency and an approximate 5.2-percentage point favorable impact from the OEM license fee described above. The decline at constant currency1 reflected the continuing trends of lower page volumes (including a higher mix of lower average-page-volume products), an ongoing competitive price environment, and a lower population of devices, which are partially associated with continued lower Enterprise signings and lower installs in prior and current periods.
Supplies, paper and other sales includes unbundled supplies and other sales. These revenues decreased 7.9% as compared to fourth quarter 2018, including a 0.6-percentage point unfavorable

11



impact from currency and reflected the timing impact of prior year transactional IT sales from our XBS organization along with lower paper sales from developing markets (primarily from the Latin America region), as well as the impact of lower supplies revenues primarily associated with lower page volume trends.
Financing revenue is generated from financed equipment sale transactions. The 6.3% decline in these revenues reflected a continued decline in the finance receivables balance due to lower equipment sales in prior periods and included a 0.4-percentage point unfavorable impact from currency.


 
 
Three Months Ended
December 31,
 
 
 
 
 
% of Equipment Sales
(in millions)
 
2019

2018
 
%
Change
 
CC % Change
 
2019
 
2018
Entry
 
$
63

 
$
66

 
(4.5)%
 
(4.2)%
 
10%
 
11%
Mid-range
 
408

 
418

 
(2.4)%
 
(2.0)%
 
66%
 
66%
High-end
 
139

 
137

 
1.5%
 
1.9%
 
23%
 
22%
Other
 
6

 
8

 
(25.0)%
 
(25.0)%
 
1%
 
1%
Equipment Sales
 
$
616

 
$
629

 
(2.1)%
 
(1.5)%
 
100%
 
100%
____________________________
CC - Constant Currency (see "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" section).

Equipment sales revenue decreased 2.1% as compared to fourth quarter 2018, including a 0.6-percentage point unfavorable impact from currency as well as the impact of price declines of approximately 5%. The decline at constant currency1 was primarily driven by lower sales of our office-centric devices (entry and mid-range products) partially offset by higher sales of our production-centric systems (high-end) as well as the benefit of targeted price actions. The decline at constant currency1 reflected the following:
Entry - The decrease was primarily due to lower sales of devices from developing market regions in the Americas, as well as lower sales through our indirect channels in EMEA and the U.S.
Mid-range - The decrease was driven by lower sales from EMEA, reflecting in part continued weakness and delayed decisions associated with uncertainty in the economic environment, partially offset by higher sales from our Americas region, primarily related to our U.S. Enterprise organization which had higher activity from light-production devices associated with the recent launch of PrimeLink (an entry-level production printer) and the benefit of a large account refresh cycle. The decrease was also impacted by lower sales from our U.S. indirect channels and from our XBS sales organization, which continued to recover from the impact of organizational changes earlier in the year that were part of our Project Own It transformation actions (including the transitioning of accounts to implement coverage changes, consolidation of real estate locations and the reduction of management layers).
High-end - The increase reflected primarily global demand for our newly-launched Baltoro inkjet press, and higher sales from new business and trade-ins of our Iridesse and iGen laser color systems in the U.S., partially offset by lower sales of Versant, our lower-end production systems. The increase also benefited from higher sales of black-and-white systems in the U.S. as a result of the timing of our customers' renewal cycles.
Total Installs
Installs reflect new placement of devices only (i.e., measure does not take into account removal of devices which may occur as a result of contract renewals or cancellations). Revenue associated with equipment installations may be reflected up-front in Equipment sales or over time either through rental income or as part of our Xerox Services revenues (which are both reported within our post sale revenues), depending on the terms and conditions of our agreements with customers. Installs include activity from Xerox Services and Xerox-branded products shipped to our XBS sales unit. Detail by product group (see Appendix II) is shown below:

Entry
2% decrease in color multifunction devices reflecting lower installs of ConnectKey devices primarily from EMEA, partially offset by higher installs from our indirect channels in the U.S.
9% decrease in black-and-white multifunction devices reflecting lower activity primarily from our indirect channels in the U.S. and from developing regions in the Americas.

12



Mid-Range2 
8% decrease in mid-range color installs primarily reflecting lower installs of multifunction color devices partially offset by higher installs of light-production devices that sit at the higher end of the portfolio range.
19% decrease in mid-range black-and-white reflecting in part global market trends.
High-End2 
12% decrease in high-end color installs reflecting lower installs of our lower-end Versant production systems, partially offset by global demand for our newly-launched Baltoro inkjet press, and higher installs of our Iridesse color systems in the U.S.
8% increase in high-end black-and-white systems as a result of higher sales in the U.S. associated with the timing of our customers' renewal cycles which offset declining market trends.







































































___________________________
(1) 
See the “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section for an explanation of the non-GAAP financial measure.
(2) 
Mid-range and High-end color installations exclude Fuji Xerox digital front-end sales; including Fuji Xerox digital front-end sales, Mid-range color devices decreased 9%, and High-end color systems decreased 11%.

13



Costs, Expenses and Other Income
Summary of Key Financial Ratios
The following is a summary of key financial ratios used to assess our performance:
 
 
Three Months Ended
December 31,
(in millions)
 
2019
 
2018
 
B/(W)      
 
Gross Profit
 
$
1,016

 
$
998

 
$
18

 
RD&E
 
93

 
94

 
1

 
SAG
 
512

 
552

 
40

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equipment Gross Margin
 
32.0
%
 
33.2
%
 
(1.2
)
pts.
Post sale Gross Margin
 
44.8
%
 
42.2
%
 
2.6

pts.
Total Gross Margin
 
41.6
%
 
40.0
%
 
1.6

pts.
RD&E as a % of Revenue
 
3.8
%
 
3.8
%
 

pts.
SAG as a % of Revenue
 
20.9
%
 
22.1
%
 
1.2

pts
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pre-tax Income
 
$
336

 
$
124

 
$
212

 
Pre-tax Income Margin
 
13.7
%
 
5.0
%
 
8.7

pts.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adjusted(1) Operating Profit
 
$
411

 
$
352

 
$
59

 
Adjusted(1) Operating Margin
 
16.8
%
 
14.1
%
 
2.7

pts.
____________________________
(1) See the “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section for an explanation of the non-GAAP financial measure.
Pre-tax Income Margin
Fourth quarter 2019 pre-tax income margin of 13.7% increased 8.7-percentage points as compared to fourth quarter 2018. The increase reflected lower Other expenses, net, as well as an approximate 2.8-percentage point favorable impact from the $77 million OEM license fee described above, and lower operating expenses which offset the adverse impact of lower revenues.
Adjusted1 Operating Margin
Fourth quarter 2019 adjusted1 operating margin of 16.8% increased by 2.7-percentage points as compared to fourth quarter 2018 primarily reflecting an approximate 2.7-percentage point favorable impact from the OEM license fee described above. The increase also reflected the impact of cost and expense reductions associated with our Project Own It transformation actions, offset by the impact of lower revenues and an approximate 0.3-percentage point unfavorable impact from transaction currency.
____________________________
(1) Refer to the Operating Income and Margin reconciliation table in the “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section.
Gross Margin
Fourth quarter 2019 gross margin of 41.6% increased by 1.6-percentage points compared to fourth quarter 2018, reflecting an approximate 1.9-percentage point favorable impact from the OEM license fee described above, as well as the benefits from our Project Own It transformation actions which offset the impact of lower revenues as well as an approximate 0.3-percentage point unfavorable impact from transaction currency and an approximate 0.4-percentage point unfavorable impact from incremental tariff costs.
Fourth quarter 2019 equipment gross margin of 32.0% decreased by 1.2-percentage points as compared to fourth quarter 2018, reflecting an approximate 1.2-percentage point unfavorable impact from incremental tariff costs. The favorable mix of sales of high-end devices, and cost productivity offset the impact of lower revenues and selective price actions and an approximate 0.7-percentage point unfavorable impact from transaction currency.
Fourth quarter 2019 post sale gross margin of 44.8% increased by 2.6-percentage points as compared to fourth quarter 2018, including an approximate 2.4-percentage point favorable impact from the OEM license fee described above, as well as productivity and restructuring savings associated with our Project Own It transformation actions, which entirely offset the impact of lower revenues, including lower pricing on contract renewals, and an approximate 0.2-percentage point unfavorable impact from transaction currency.

14



Gross margins are expected to continue to be negatively impacted in future periods as a result of an increase in the cost of our imported products due to higher import tariffs. We are taking actions to mitigate the impact of these tariffs, such as raising prices on certain products, however, we currently estimate an approximately $35 million cost impact from these higher tariffs in 2020.
Research, Development and Engineering Expenses (RD&E)
Fourth quarter 2019 RD&E as a percentage of revenue of 3.8% was flat as compared to fourth quarter 2018, primarily due to lower expenses offset by the impact of revenues declines.
RD&E of $93 million decreased $1 million as compared to fourth quarter 2018.
Selling, Administrative and General Expenses (SAG)
SAG as a percentage of revenue of 20.9% decreased by 1.2-percentage points as compared to fourth quarter 2018, primarily reflecting the benefit from productivity and restructuring associated with our Project Own It transformation actions which offset the impact from lower revenues.
SAG of $512 million decreased by $40 million as compared to fourth quarter 2018, reflecting productivity and restructuring savings associated with our Project Own It transformation actions as well as the year-over-year benefit of $10 million of charges in the prior year related to the cancellation of certain IT projects, offset by higher performance incentive compensation as well as higher advertising investments primarily in indirect channel marketing. Bad debt expense of $8 million was $7 million higher compared to fourth quarter 2018 primarily due to an increased level of sales-type leases as a result of our adoption of ASC Topic 842 - Leases and associated changes in the collectibility assessment of certain leases as well as an increased mix of high-end equipment sales. On a trailing twelve-month basis (TTM), bad debt expense remained at less than one percent of total receivables.
Restructuring and Related Costs
During the second half of 2018, we started our Project Own It transformation initiative. The primary goal of this initiative is to improve productivity by driving end-to-end transformation of our processes and systems to create greater focus, speed, accountability and effectiveness and to reduce costs. We incurred restructuring and related costs of $53 million for the fourth quarter 2019 primarily related to costs to implement initiatives under our business transformation projects including Project Own It. The following is a breakdown of those costs:
(in millions)
 
Three Months Ended
December 31, 2019
Restructuring Severance (1)
 
$
44

Asset Impairments (2)
 
13

Other contractual termination costs (3)
 
1

Net reversals (4)
 
(11
)
Restructuring and asset impairment costs
 
47

Retention related severance/bonuses (5)
 
8

Contractual severance costs (6)
 
2

Consulting and other costs (7)
 
(4
)
Total
 
$
53

___________________
(1) 
Reflects headcount reductions of approximately 550 employees worldwide.
(2) 
Primarily related to the exit and abandonment of leased and owned facilities. The charge includes the accelerated write-off of $3 million for leased right-of-use asset balances and $10 million for owned asset balances upon exit from the facilities net of any potential sublease income and other recoveries.
(3) 
Primarily include additional costs incurred upon the exit from our facilities including decommissioning costs and associated contractual termination costs.
(4) 
Reflects net reversals for changes in estimated reserves from prior period initiatives as well as $4 million in favorable adjustments from the early termination of prior period impaired leases.
(5) 
Includes retention related severance and bonuses for employees expected to continue working beyond their minimum notification period before termination.
(6) 
Reflects severance and other related costs we are contractually required to pay on employees transferred (approximately 2,200 employees) as part of the shared service arrangement entered into with HCL Technologies.
(7) 
Represents professional support services associated with our business transformation initiatives. The credit in the fourth quarter 2019 reflects adjustments of prior period estimated accruals for services.

Fourth quarter 2019 actions impacted several functional areas, with approximately 47% focused on gross margin improvements, approximately 47% focused on SAG reductions, and the remainder focused on RD&E optimization.

15



The implementation of our Project Own It initiatives as well as other business transformation initiatives is expected to continue to deliver significant cost savings in 2020. While many initiatives are underway and have yet to yield the full transformation benefits expected upon their completion, the changes implemented thus far have improved our cost structure and are beginning to yield longer term benefits. However, expected savings associated with these initiatives may be offset to some extent by business disruption during the implementation phase as well as investments in new processes and systems until the initiatives are fully implemented and stabilized.
Fourth quarter 2018 restructuring and related costs of $67 million included net restructuring and asset impairment charges of $66 million and $1 million of additional costs primarily related to professional support services associated with the business transformation initiatives.
Fourth quarter 2018 net restructuring and asset impairment charges of $66 million included $72 million of severance costs related to headcount of approximately 850 employees worldwide and $1 million of lease cancellation costs. These costs were partially offset by $7 million of net reversals for changes in estimated reserves from prior period initiatives. Fourth quarter 2018 actions impacted several functional areas, with approximately 15% focused on gross margin improvements, approximately 80% focused on SAG reductions, and the remainder focused on RD&E optimization.
The restructuring reserve balance as of December 31, 2019 for all programs was $70 million, which is expected to be paid over the next twelve months.
Transaction and Related Costs, Net
We incurred $4 million of Transaction and related costs, net during fourth quarter 2019 primarily related to legal costs associated with our announced proposal to acquire HP (see the “Proposed Transaction with HP” section for further details). These costs are expected to continue in future periods. This compares to $5 million of costs incurred during fourth quarter 2018, which were primarily associated with the terminated Fuji transaction.
Amortization of Intangible Assets
Fourth quarter 2019 Amortization of intangible assets of $10 million decreased by $2 million compared to fourth quarter 2018 as a result of the write-off of trade names in prior periods associated with our realignment and consolidation of certain XBS sales units as part of Project Own It transformation actions.
 
Worldwide Employment
Worldwide employment was approximately 27,000 as of December 31, 2019 and decreased by approximately 5,400 from December 31, 2018. The reduction resulted from net attrition (attrition net of gross hires), of which a large portion is not expected to be backfilled, as well as the impact of organizational changes including employees transferred as part of the shared services arrangement entered into with HCL Technologies earlier this year.
Other Expenses, Net
 
 
Three Months Ended
December 31,
(in millions)
 
2019
 
2018
Non-financing interest expense
 
$
24

 
$
29

Non-service retirement-related costs
 
(3
)
 
67

Interest income
 
(7
)
 
(3
)
Gains on sales of businesses and assets
 
(1
)
 

Contract termination costs - IT services
 
(4
)
 
43

Currency losses, net
 
1

 
3

Loss on sales of accounts receivable
 
1

 
1

All other expenses, net
 
(3
)
 
4

Other expenses, net
 
$
8

 
$
144











16



Non-financing interest expense
Fourth quarter 2019 non-financing interest expense of $24 million was $5 million lower than fourth quarter 2018. When combined with financing interest expense (Cost of financing), total interest expense decreased by $4 million from fourth quarter 2018 primarily due to a lower debt balance.
Non-service retirement-related costs
Fourth quarter 2019 non-service retirement-related costs were $70 million lower than fourth quarter 2018, primarily driven by the favorable impact of a 2018 amendment to our U.S. Retiree Health Plan and lower losses from pension settlements in the U.S.
Interest income
Fourth quarter 2019 interest income was $4 million higher than fourth quarter 2018, primarily reflecting interest on a higher cash balance as a result of cash proceeds received from the Sales of our indirect 25% equity interest in Fuji Xerox (FX) and indirect 51% partnership interest in Xerox International Partners (XIP) completed on November 8, 2019. See the “Sales of Ownership Interests in Fuji Xerox Co., Ltd. and Xerox International Partners” section for further details.
Contract termination costs - IT services
Contract termination costs - IT services was a $4 million credit in fourth quarter 2019 ($12 million for the full year 2019) reflecting an adjustment to the $43 million penalty recorded in fourth quarter 2018, associated with the termination of an IT services arrangement.
Income Taxes
Fourth quarter 2019 effective tax rate was 21.7%. On an adjusted1 basis, fourth quarter 2019 effective tax rate was 25.0%. These rates were higher than the U.S. federal statutory tax rate of 21% primarily due to state taxes and the geographical mix of profits. The adjusted1 effective tax rate excludes the tax impacts associated with the following charges: Restructuring and related costs, Amortization of intangible assets, Transaction and related costs, net as well as non-service retirement-related costs and other discrete, unusual or infrequent items as described in our Non-GAAP Financial Measures section.
Fourth quarter 2018 effective tax rate was 27.4% and included a reduction of $6 million related to a change in the provisional estimated impact from the 2017 Tax Cuts Jobs Act (the "Tax Act"). On an adjusted1 basis, fourth quarter 2018 effective tax rate was 27.7%. This rate was higher than the U.S. federal statutory tax rate of 21% primarily due to state taxes and the geographical mix of profits. The adjusted1 effective tax rate excludes the tax impacts associated with the following charges: Restructuring and related costs, Amortization of intangible assets, Transaction and related costs, net, non-service retirement-related costs as well as other discrete, unusual or infrequent items as described in our Non-GAAP Financial Measures section, which include the impact of the Tax Act.
Our effective tax rate is based on nonrecurring events as well as recurring factors, including the taxation of foreign income. In addition, our effective tax rate will change based on discrete or other nonrecurring events that may not be predictable.
______________
(1)
Refer to the Effective Tax Rate reconciliation table in the "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" section.

Net Income from Continuing Operations
Fourth quarter 2019 net income from continuing operations attributable to Xerox Holdings was $266 million, or $1.17 per diluted share. On an adjusted1 basis, net income from continuing operations attributable to Xerox Holdings was $300 million, or $1.33 per diluted share. Fourth quarter 2019 adjustments to net income from continuing operations included Restructuring and related costs, Amortization of intangible assets, Transaction and related cost, net as well as non-service retirement-related costs and other discrete, unusual or infrequent items as described in our Non-GAAP Financial Measures section.
Fourth quarter 2018 net income from continuing operations attributable to Xerox Holdings was $91 million, or $0.37 per diluted share. On an adjusted1 basis, net income from continuing operations attributable to Xerox Holdings was $231 million, or $0.94 per diluted share. Fourth quarter 2018 adjustments to net income from continuing operations

17


included Restructuring and related costs, Amortization of intangible assets, Transaction and related costs, net as well as non-service retirement-related costs and other discrete, unusual or infrequent items as described in our Non-GAAP Financial Measures section.
___________
(1)
Refer to the "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" section for the calculation of adjusted EPS. The calculations of basic and diluted earnings per share are included as Appendix I.


Discontinued Operations
In November 2019, Xerox Holdings completed a series of transactions to restructure its relationship with FUJIFILM Holdings Corporation (“FH”), including the sale of its indirect 25% equity interest in Fuji Xerox ("FX") for approximately $2.2 billion as well as the sale of its indirect 51% partnership interest in Xerox International Partners ("XIP") for approximately $23 million (collectively the “Sales”).
The Sales resulted in a pre-tax gain of $629 million ($539 million after-tax), which was net of approximately $9 million of transaction costs and $8 million of allocated goodwill associated with our XIP business. The XIP allocated goodwill was based on the relative fair value of our XIP business, as evidenced by the sales price, as compared to the total estimated fair value of Xerox. No Goodwill was allocated for our investment in FX based on consideration of the guidance in ASC 350-20-40-2 and the fact that an equity investment is not considered a business in accordance with ASC 805-10-55, as it was not controlled by Xerox.
 
 
Three Months Ended December 31,
(in millions)
 
2019
 
2018
Revenue
 
$
6

 
$
35

 
 
 
 
 
Income from operations(1)
 
$
14

 
$
52

Gain on disposal
 
629

 

Income before income taxes
 
643

 
52

Income tax expense
 
(90
)
 
(3
)
Income from discontinued operations, net of tax
 
$
553

 
$
49

Income from discontinued operations attributable to noncontrolling interests, net of tax
 
(1
)
 
(3
)
Income from discontinued operations, net of tax attributable to Xerox Holdings
 
$
552

 
$
46


 
 
Year Ended December 31,
(in millions)
 
2019
 
2018
Revenue
 
$
79

 
$
168

 
 
 
 
 
Income from operations(1)
 
$
176

 
$
73

Gain on disposal
 
629

 

Income before income taxes
 
805

 
73

Income tax expense
 
(95
)
 
(9
)
Income from discontinued operations, net of tax
 
$
710

 
$
64

Income from discontinued operations attributable to noncontrolling interests, net of tax
 
(5
)
 
(9
)
Income from discontinued operations, net of tax attributable to Xerox Holdings
 
$
705

 
$
55

____________________________
(1) Includes equity income from FX of $15 million and $37 million for the Three Months Ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, and $147 million and $25 million for the Year Ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.


18



Capital Resources and Liquidity
The following summarizes our cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash:
 
 
Three Months Ended December 31,
 
 
(in millions)
 
2019
 
2018
 
Change      
Net cash provided by operating activities of continuing operations
 
$
398

 
$
384

 
$
14

Net cash provided by operating activities of discontinued operations
 
40

 
31

 
9

Net cash provided by operating activities
 
438

 
415

 
23

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities of continuing operations
 
(17
)
 
11

 
(28
)
Net cash provided by investing activities of discontinued operations
 
2,233

 

 
2,233

Net cash provided by investing activities
 
2,216

 
11

 
2,205

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net cash used in financing activities of continuing operations
 
(851
)
 
(485
)
 
(366
)
Net cash used in financing activities of discontinued operations
 

 
(1
)
 
1

Net cash used in financing activities
 
(851
)
 
(486
)
 
(365
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
 
13

 
(10
)
 
23

Increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
 
1,816

 
(70
)
 
1,886

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period
 
979

 
1,218

 
(239
)
Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash at End of Period(1)
 
$
2,795

 
$
1,148

 
$
1,647


____________________________
(1) Balance at December 31, 2018 includes $3 million associated with discontinued operations.
Cash Flows from Operating Activities
Net cash provided by operating activities from continuing operations was $398 million in fourth quarter 2019. The $14 million increase in operating cash from fourth quarter 2018 was primarily due to the following:
$58 million increase from after-tax impact of the OEM license agreement with FX.
$18 million net increase from finance assets reflecting $26 million increase from lower placements of equipment on operating leases partially offset by $8 million decrease from higher finance receivables.
$20 million increase from accrued compensation primarily related to lower compensation costs and year-over-year timing of payments.
$14 million increase from lower restructuring and related payments primarily due to timing of initiatives and associated payments.
$48 million decrease as a result of lower fourth quarter inventory reductions in 2019 as compared to the prior year primarily due to timing of purchases.
$42 million decrease from accounts receivable primarily due to the timing of collections.
Cash Flows from Investing Activities
Net cash used in investing activities of continuing operations was $17 million in fourth quarter 2019. The $28 million change from fourth quarter 2018 was primarily due to proceeds from the sale of buildings in Ireland in the prior year.
Cash Flows from Financing Activities
Net cash used in financing activities of continuing operations was $851 million in fourth quarter 2019. The $366 million increase in the use of cash from fourth quarter 2018 was primarily due to the following:
$550 million increase from net debt activity primarily due to payments of $554 million on maturing Senior Notes in fourth quarter 2019 compared to no payments in prior year.
$184 million decrease from lower share repurchases due to timing.



19



Adoption of New Leasing Standard
On January 1, 2019, we adopted ASU 2016-02, Leases (ASC Topic 842). This update, as well as additional amendments and targeted improvements issued in 2018 and early 2019, supersedes existing lease accounting guidance found under ASC 840, Leases (ASC 840) and requires the recognition of right-of-use (ROU) assets and lease obligations by lessees for those leases originally classified as operating leases under prior lease guidance.
Upon adoption, we applied the transition option, whereby prior comparative periods are not retrospectively presented in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. Lessee accounting - the adoption of this update resulted in an increase to assets and related liabilities of approximately $385 million (approximately $440 million undiscounted) primarily related to leases of facilities. Lessor accounting - the adoption of this update resulted in an increase to equipment sales of approximately $10 million in fourth quarter 2019. The adoption of the new standard did not, nor is it expected to, have a material impact on our results of operations or cash flows.

Operating leases ROU assets, net and operating lease liabilities were reported in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as follows:
(in millions)
 
December 31, 2019
Other long-term assets
 
$
319

 
 
 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
 
$
87

Other long-term liabilities
 
260

Total Operating lease liabilities
 
$
347

Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash
Restricted cash primarily relates to escrow cash deposits made in Brazil associated with ongoing litigation. Various litigation matters in Brazil require us to make cash deposits to escrow as a condition of continuing the litigation. Restricted cash amounts are classified in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets based on when the cash is expected to be contractually or judicially released.
(in millions)
 
December 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
2,740

 
$
1,081

Restricted cash
 
 
 
 
    Litigation deposits in Brazil
 
55

 
61

    Other restricted cash
 

 
3

    Total Restricted cash
 
55

 
64

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
 
2,795

 
1,145

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash - discontinued operations
 

 
3

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash - total
 
$
2,795

 
$
1,148

Restricted cash was reported in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as follows:
(in millions)
 
December 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Other current assets
 
$

 
$
1

Other long-term assets
 
55

 
63

Total Restricted cash
 
$
55

 
$
64


20



Debt and Customer Financing Activities
The following summarizes our debt:
(in millions)
 
December 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Principal debt balance(1)
 
$
4,313

 
$
5,281

Net unamortized discount
 
(16
)
 
(25
)
Debt issuance costs
 
(17
)
 
(25
)
Fair value adjustments(2)
 
 
 
 
     - terminated swaps
 
1

 
2

     - current swaps
 
1

 
(3
)
Total Debt
 
$
4,282

 
$
5,230

____________________________

(1) 
There were no Notes Payable as of December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018.
(2) 
Fair value adjustments include the following: (i) fair value adjustments to debt associated with terminated interest rate swaps, which are being amortized to interest expense over the remaining term of the related notes; and (ii) changes in fair value of hedged debt obligations attributable to movements in benchmark interest rates. Hedge accounting requires hedged debt instruments to be reported inclusive of any fair value adjustment.
Finance Assets and Related Debt
The following represents our total finance assets, net associated with our lease and finance operations:
(in millions)
 
December 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Total finance receivables, net(1)
 
$
3,351

 
$
3,472

Equipment on operating leases, net
 
364

 
442

Total Finance Assets, net(2)
 
$
3,715

 
$
3,914

____________________________
 
(1) 
Includes (i) Billed portion of finance receivables, net, (ii) Finance receivables, net and (iii) Finance receivables due after one year, net as included in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
(2) 
The change from December 31, 2018 includes an increase of $3 million due to currency.
Our lease contracts permit customers to pay for equipment over time rather than at the date of installation; therefore, we maintain a certain level of debt (that we refer to as financing debt) to support our investment in these lease contracts, which are reflected in total finance assets, net. For this financing aspect of our business, we maintain an assumed 7:1 leverage ratio of debt to equity as compared to our finance assets.
Based on this leverage, the following represents the breakdown of total debt between financing debt and core debt:
(in millions)
 
December 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Finance receivables debt(1)
 
$
2,932

 
$
3,038

Equipment on operating leases debt
 
319

 
387

Financing debt
 
3,251

 
3,425

Core debt
 
1,031

 
1,805

Total Debt
 
$
4,282

 
$
5,230

____________________________
(1) 
Finance receivables debt is the basis for our calculation of "Cost of financing" expense in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.
Sales of Accounts Receivable
Accounts receivable sales arrangements may be utilized in the normal course of business as part of our cash and liquidity management. Accounts receivable sold are generally short-term trade receivables with payment due dates of less than 60 days.


21



Accounts receivable sales activities were as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended
December 31,
(in millions)
 
2019
 
2018
Accounts receivable sales(1)
 
$
128

 
$
108

Loss on sales of accounts receivable
 
1

 
1

Estimated increase to operating cash flows(2)
 
67

 
36

____________________________
(1) 
Customers may also enter into structured-payable arrangements that require us to sell our receivables from that customer to a third-party financial institution, which then makes payments to us to settle the customer's receivable. In these instances, we ensure the sale of the receivables are bankruptcy remote and the payment made to us is without recourse. The activity associated with these arrangements is not reflected in this disclosure as payments under these arrangements have not been material and these are customer directed arrangements.
(2) 
Represents the difference between current and prior period accounts receivable sales adjusted for the effects of currency.



22



Corporate Reorganization
On March 6, 2019, the Xerox Board of Directors approved a reorganization (the “Reorganization”) of the Company's corporate structure into a holding company structure. The Reorganization was subject to the approval of shareholders, which was obtained at the annual shareholders meeting held May 21, 2019.
On July 31, 2019, the Reorganization was completed, pursuant to which Xerox (the predecessor publicly held parent company) became a direct, wholly-owned subsidiary of Xerox Holdings. The business operations, directors and executive officers of the Company did not change as a result of the Reorganization.
In this Reorganization, shareholders of Xerox became shareholders of Xerox Holdings on a one-for-one basis; maintaining the same number of shares and ownership percentage as held in Xerox immediately prior to the Reorganization. In addition, the individual holder of the shares of Xerox’s Series B Preferred Stock exchanged those shares for the same number of shares of Xerox Holdings Series A Preferred Stock. Each share of Xerox Holdings Series A Preferred Stock has the same designations, rights, powers and preferences, and the same qualifications, limitations and restrictions as the shares of Xerox Series B Preferred Stock, with the addition of certain voting rights. In connection with the Reorganization, Xerox Holdings assumed each of the Xerox stock plans, all unexercised and unexpired options to purchase Xerox common stock and each right to acquire or vest in a share of Xerox common stock, including restricted stock unit awards, performance share awards and deferred stock units that are outstanding under the Xerox stock plans. In addition, Xerox Holdings became a guarantor of Xerox’s existing Credit Facility.
The Reorganization was accounted for as a transaction among entities under common control and is expected to be a tax-free transaction for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Shares of Xerox Holdings common stock trade on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol “XRX”, formerly used by Xerox.
Shared Services Arrangement with HCL Technologies
In March 2019, as part of Project Own It, Xerox entered into a shared services arrangement with HCL Technologies ("HCL") pursuant to which we are transitioning certain global administrative and support functions, including, among others, selected information technology and finance functions (excluding accounting), from Xerox to HCL. This transition is expected to take up to 18 months. HCL is expected to make certain up-front and ongoing investments in software, tools and other technology to consolidate, optimize and automate the transferred functions with the goal of providing improved service levels and significant cost savings. The shared services arrangement with HCL includes a total aggregate spending commitment by us of approximately $1.3 billion over the next 7 years (includes approximately $100 million incurred in 2019). However, we can terminate the arrangement at any time at our discretion, subject to payment of termination fees that decline over the term, or for cause. The spending commitment excludes restructuring and related costs we are expected to incur in connection with the transition of the contemplated functions. See Restructuring and Related Costs within the Costs, Expenses and Other Income section. The transfer of employees associated with the HCL arrangement in certain countries was subject to compliance with works council and other employment regulatory requirements in those countries, which delayed the transfer as well as the expected savings from the arrangement.
During fourth quarter 2019, we incurred net charges of approximately $35 million associated with this arrangement, which only reflects the cost associated with the employees transferred to date. The cost has been allocated to the various functional expense lines in the Condensed Consolidated Income Statement based on an assessment of the nature and amount of the costs incurred for the various transferred functions prior to their transfer to HCL.
Proposed Transaction with HP
In November 2019, Xerox proposed a business combination transaction with HP Inc. (“HP”) in which HP shareholders would receive $17 per share in cash, and approximately 48% of the pro forma combined company (based on 0.137 Xerox share for each HP share). In January 2020, Xerox obtained $24 billion in financing commitments to support the proposed business combination transaction with HP.  HP has rejected the proposal and refused to engage in mutual due diligence or negotiations regarding the proposal. In January 2020, Xerox nominated a slate of directors to HP’s board to be voted on at HP’s 2020 annual meeting of stockholders. Xerox intends to continue to pursue the proposed business combination transaction. 



23



Forward-Looking Statements
This release, and other written or oral statements made from time to time by management contain “forward-looking statements” as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. The words “anticipate”, “believe”, “estimate”, “expect”, “intend”, “will”, “should”, "targeting", "projecting", "driving" and similar expressions, as they relate to us, our performance and/or our technology, are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements reflect management’s current beliefs, assumptions and expectations and are subject to a number of factors that may cause actual results to differ materially. Such factors include but are not limited to: our ability to address our business challenges in order to reverse revenue declines, reduce costs and increase productivity so that we can invest in and grow our business; our ability to attract and retain key personnel; changes in economic and political conditions, trade protection measures, licensing requirements and tax laws in the United States and in the foreign countries in which we do business; the imposition of new or incremental trade protection measures such as tariffs and import or export restrictions; changes in foreign currency exchange rates; our ability to successfully develop new products, technologies and service offerings and to protect our intellectual property rights; the risk that multi-year contracts with governmental entities could be terminated prior to the end of the contract term and that civil or criminal penalties and administrative sanctions could be imposed on us if we fail to comply with the terms of such contracts and applicable law; the risk that partners, subcontractors and software vendors will not perform in a timely, quality manner; actions of competitors and our ability to promptly and effectively react to changing technologies and customer expectations; our ability to obtain adequate pricing for our products and services and to maintain and improve cost efficiency of operations, including savings from restructuring actions; the risk that confidential and/or individually identifiable information of ours, our customers, clients and employees could be inadvertently disclosed or disclosed as a result of a breach of our security systems due to cyber attacks or other intentional acts; reliance on third parties, including subcontractors, for manufacturing of products and provision of services; the exit of the United Kingdom from the European Union; our ability to manage changes in the printing environment and expand equipment placements; interest rates, cost of borrowing and access to credit markets; funding requirements associated with our employee pension and retiree health benefit plans; the risk that our operations and products may not comply with applicable worldwide regulatory requirements, particularly environmental regulations and directives and anti-corruption laws; the outcome of litigation and regulatory proceedings to which we may be a party; any impacts resulting from the restructuring of our relationship with Fujifilm Holdings Corporation; the shared services arrangements entered into by us as part of Project Own It; the ultimate outcome of any possible transaction between Xerox Holdings Corporation (“Xerox”) and HP Inc. (“HP”), including the possibility that the parties will not agree to pursue a business combination transaction or that the terms of any definitive agreement will be materially different from those proposed; uncertainties as to whether HP will cooperate with Xerox regarding the proposed transaction; the ultimate result should Xerox determine to commence a proxy contest for election of directors to HP’s board of directors; Xerox’s ability to consummate the proposed transaction with HP; the conditions to the completion of the proposed transaction, including the receipt of any required shareholder approvals and any required regulatory approvals; Xerox’s ability to finance the proposed transaction with HP; Xerox’s indebtedness, including the substantial indebtedness Xerox expects to incur in connection with the proposed transaction with HP and the need to generate sufficient cash flows to service and repay such debt; the possibility that Xerox may be unable to achieve expected synergies and operating efficiencies within the expected time-frames or at all and to successfully integrate HP’s operations with those of Xerox; that such integration may be more difficult, time-consuming or costly than expected; that operating costs, customer loss and business disruption (including, without limitation, difficulties in maintaining relationships with employees, customers or suppliers) may be greater than expected following the proposed transaction or the public announcement of the proposed transaction; the retention of certain key employees may be difficult; and general economic conditions that are less favorable than expected. Additional risks that may affect Xerox’s operations and other factors that are set forth in the “Risk Factors” section, the “Legal Proceedings” section, the “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” section and other sections of Xerox Corporation's 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K, as well as in Xerox Corporation's and Xerox Holdings Corporation's Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and Current Reports on Form 8-K filed with the SEC. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this release or as of the date to which they refer, and Xerox assumes no obligation to update any forward-looking statements as a result of new information or future events or developments, except as required by law.

24



Non-GAAP Financial Measures
We have reported our financial results in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). In addition, we have discussed our financial results using the non-GAAP measures described below. We believe these non-GAAP measures allow investors to better understand the trends in our business and to better understand and compare our results. Accordingly, we believe it is necessary to adjust several reported amounts, determined in accordance with GAAP, to exclude the effects of certain items as well as their related income tax effects.
A reconciliation of these non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable financial measures calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP are set forth below as well as in the fourth quarter 2019 presentation slides available at www.xerox.com/investor.
These non-GAAP financial measures should be viewed in addition to, and not as a substitute for, the company’s reported results prepared in accordance with GAAP.
Adjusted Earnings Measures
Net Income and Earnings per share (EPS)
Effective Tax Rate

The above measures were adjusted for the following items:
Restructuring and related costs: Restructuring and related costs include restructuring and asset impairment charges as well as costs associated with our transformation programs beyond those normally included in restructuring and asset impairment charges. Restructuring consists of costs primarily related to severance and benefits paid to employees pursuant to formal restructuring and workforce reduction plans. Asset impairment includes costs incurred for those assets sold, abandoned or made obsolete as a result of our restructuring actions, exiting from a business or other strategic business changes. Additional costs for our transformation programs are primarily related to the implementation of strategic actions and initiatives and include third-party professional service costs as well as one-time incremental costs. All of these costs can vary significantly in terms of amount and frequency based on the nature of the actions as well as the changing needs of the business. Accordingly, due to that significant variability, we will exclude these charges since we do not believe they provide meaningful insight into our current or past operating performance nor do we believe they are reflective of our expected future operating expenses as such charges are expected to yield future benefits and savings with respect to our operational performance.
Amortization of intangible assets: The amortization of intangible assets is driven by our acquisition activity which can vary in size, nature and timing as compared to other companies within our industry and from period to period. The use of intangible assets contributed to our revenues earned during the periods presented and will contribute to our future period revenues as well. Amortization of intangible assets will recur in future periods.
Transaction and related costs, net: Transaction and related costs, net are expenses incurred in connection with i) our announced proposal to acquire HP Inc. and ii) our planned transaction with Fuji, which was terminated in May 2018, inclusive of costs related to